Notification of Application: A document that informs the court and the other party when an application will be heard. It says what is being asked and why. Application from a poor person: When a person asks the court not to be allowed to pay the legal fees because they do not have the money. This is also known as fee waiver. Jurisprudence: The study of the law and the structure of the legal system. Superior Court Information (SCI): A written document detailing the charges against the defendant. It is filed by the district attorney in a higher court when a defendant waives his or her rights to a grand jury hearing. Immediate cause: 1. A cause that is legally strong enough to establish liability.
2. Something that directly causes an event and without it the event would not have happened. Probation: The release of a person from prison before the end of his or her sentence. It requires the supervision of the person and says what they can or cannot do for a while. Legal Aid Society (LAS): A New York agency that provides legal representation in many areas of law. Witness: A person who testifies to what they have seen, heard or experienced. Application granted: An order that gives what an application has requested. Process: The legal steps used by the court to notify the parties and obtain power (jurisdiction) over them.
Undisputed divorce: This is when there is no disagreement between the parties on financial or other divorce matters and the other party agrees to the divorce or does not respond to the case. Due process: The government has a duty to follow the rules in court proceedings. The U.S. Constitution guarantees due process. This means that no life, liberty or property can be taken away from a person without their day in court. Illegal Death Action: A case initiated by family members (or a person who, as a beneficiary, would take charge of the will) of a person who died as a result of an inappropriate, negligent or illegal act of another person that caused the death of a family member. Repair and Deduction Remedy: After a tenant has requested a repair that the landlord does not repair, the tenant can make the repairs with their money and then deduct this amount from future rents. Before a tenant does this, they must inform the landlord in writing of the repair and give them a “reasonable” time to respond. All money paid to repair the repair must be proven with receipts (from craftsmen, items purchased to solve the problem, etc.). Huntley Hearing: A hearing held to ask the court not to use the defendant`s testimony based on the idea that the testimony was obtained unlawfully.
Sole custody: A court order that a parent has the right to make important decisions that affect the child, such as health care, education and religion. If the parents do not agree on a decision concerning the child, the parent with sole custody has the right to make the final decision alone. “Sole custody” does not give one parent the right to move with the child without informing the other parent, unless the court order gives that right. Eid: When a person swears or confirms that what they say is true. In surrogate court, an oath and designation allow the chief clerk to receive an order from the surrogate. sine die: Latin: “Without a day”. For example: “This case will be postponed sine die”, means that the case is removed from the calendar and there is no future hearing date. Will: A legal document that lists a person`s wishes for what will happen to their personal property after their death.
Unlimited rental: A right to live in the property for as long as the tenant wishes. The right is given by the owner or owner. Terminating an all-you-can-eat rental requires the same legal process as terminating a monthly tenancy. Crime: A serious crime punishable by more than one year`s imprisonment. Compare with violation and offense. Crimes are divided into five classes: crimes A, B, C, D and E. Class A crimes are punishable by the longest term of imprisonment. Class E crimes are the shortest prison sentence. Instructions to the Jury: Instructions given by the judge to a jury just before it begins to deliberate and tells the jury what laws apply to this case.
See the admonition to the jury and the jury`s instructions. Expiration: When a person has to give up money or property because they have not complied with a legal obligation. See also confiscation of deposits. Separation agreement: A written agreement that lists the terms of the separation. This usually indicates the money paid for children, alimony payments, division of war property, child custody, and related matters. This agreement must be formally signed and attested (notarized) and covers the period before the divorce but after the separation. Admissible Evidence: Statements, documents and other things that can be lawfully used in court to prove a fact. Long-arm jurisdiction: A legal provision that allows a state to claim personal jurisdiction (legal control) over a person living in another state. There must be a link between the person and the State that legally wants to make jurisdiction. Status: The right to participate in a case because you have a legal claim or wish to assert an obligation or right. amicus curiae: Latin: “friend of the court”. Someone who advises the court on what the law means in a case, but who is not part of the case.
Presentation of facts: Any written or oral list of facts in a court case. The part of a judge`s decision that says what the facts are in a case. .