The HIPAA security rule requires relevant organizations to implement security measures to protect ePHI. Patient health information must be made available to authorized users, but must not be inappropriately retrieved or used. There are three types of protections you need to implement for a HIPAA-compliant cloud storage system: administrative, physical, and technical. Thus, when a covered entity decides which security measures to use, the rule does not prescribe those measures, but requires the captured entity to consider the following: To make the security rule more flexible and applicable to captured companies of all sizes, some implementation specifications are required, while others are addressable. The required implementation specifications must be implemented by all covered entities. Addressable implementation specifications require a covered entity to assess whether the specification is an appropriate and appropriate safeguard in the business environment. Technical safeguards are the technology and associated policies that protect data from unauthorized access. Each affected company must determine what technical safeguards are necessary and appropriate for the organization to protect its ePHI. The Department of Health and Social Services explains that you must “balance the identifiable risks and vulnerabilities for ePHI, the cost of various protections, and the size, complexity and capabilities of the business.” The HIPAA security rule includes three required implementation standards.
Companies and BAs covered must meet these requirements. Risk analysis should be an ongoing process in which a registered entity regularly reviews its records to track access to electronic PSRs and detect security incidents,12 regularly assesses the effectiveness of security measures taken,13 and regularly reassesses potential risks to electronic PSRs.14 The security rule defines “confidentiality” as meaning that electronic PHI is not available or disclosed to unauthorized persons. The confidentiality requirements of the security rule support the prohibitions of the privacy rule against the misuse and disclosure of PSR. The security rule also promotes the two additional objectives of maintaining the integrity and availability of e-PHI. According to the security rule, “integrity” means that electronic PHI is not altered or destroyed in an unauthorized manner. “Availability” means that the e-PHI is accessible and usable on demand by an authorized person.5 Employee training and security awareness: This standard requires employees to undergo annual HIPAA training and also be aware of company-specific security procedures. The organization must also have and enforce sanctions against any employee who violates these security procedures. One of the main objectives of the security rule is to protect the confidentiality of individuals` medical information while enabling affected companies to adopt new technologies to improve the quality and efficiency of patient care. Because the healthcare market is diverse, the security rule is designed to be flexible and scalable, allowing a covered company to implement policies, procedures, and technologies appropriate to the size, organizational structure, and particular risks to consumers` e-PHI. The administrative protections of the safety rule require the EC and BA to conduct a risk analysis.
Civil penalties range from $25,000 to $1.5 million per year. Criminal sanctions may also be applied for targeted access, sale or illegal use of ePHI. Criminal penalties include heavy fines and jail time – up to $250,000 and ten years in prison. HIPAA is designed to be flexible and scalable for each entity covered, developing the technology over time rather than being prescriptive. Each organization must determine which appropriate and appropriate security measures are based on its own environment. A risk assessment should be tailored to the circumstances and environment of the captured business, including the following: Security Management Process: A covered enterprise must implement security measures that help reduce vulnerabilities in PSR security. An important part of this standard is to conduct a thorough HIPAA risk assessment. HHS recognizes that security is a moving target, so the rule does not recommend or define specific technologies or methods to protect ePHI. The rule also takes into account the different resources available to different organizations.
For example, a small rural clinic is not expected to have the same safety precautions as a large hospital system in a large city. These are, as indicated in the definition, policies and procedures that determine what the affected company is doing to protect its PSRs. Instead of physical safeguards or actual technical requirements, these requirements include training and procedures for company employees, whether or not they have direct access to PSR. The HIPAA security requirements imposed by the HIPAA security rule are as follows: Prior to HIPAA, there were no generally accepted healthcare security standards or general requirements for protecting health information. At the same time, new technologies were emerging and the health care industry was beginning to move away from paper-based processes and rely more on the use of electronic information systems to pay claims, answer eligibility questions, provide health information, and perform various other administrative and clinical functions. If the specification is appropriate and appropriate, the covered entity must implement it. If a captured entity determines that an addressable implementation specification is not appropriate and appropriate, it must document its assessment and the basis for its decision and implement another mechanism to meet the standard addressed in the implementation specification. With the passage of HIPAA, Congress ordered the establishment of federal standards for the security of protected electronic health information (e-PHI). The objective of the security rule is to ensure that each affected company has safeguards in place to protect the confidentiality, integrity and availability of protected electronic health information. Security standards are needed as the exchange of protected health information between covered and uncovered entities increases.
The standards prescribed in the security rule protect an individual`s health information while allowing health care providers, clearinghouses and health care plans to adequately access and use that information. The security rule establishes a federal standard to ensure the availability, confidentiality and integrity of electronic PSR. State laws that provide for stricter standards continue to apply beyond the new federal safety standards. Health care providers, health plans and their business partners have a strong tradition of protecting private health information. In today`s world, however, the old system of paper files in locked filing cabinets is not enough. Since information is widely stored and transmitted electronically, the rule provides clear standards for the protection of electronic PSR. The HIPAA security rule includes definitions and standards that tell you what all of these HIPAA security requirements mean in plain text and how they can be met and protected. As companies migrate to the cloud, they also need to look at how the use of cloud services affects HIPAA security compliance and explore third-party cloud security solutions such as a CASB. .